Community Partnerships and Engagement Unit

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· Graffiti Management Program
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· Neighbourhood Community Officer Program
· Police Encounters with People in Crisis
· Stop Bullying Now
· Volunteer program
· TROOP Program

Related Links

International organizations:
· Anxiety Disorders Association of America
· National Institute of Mental Health
· National Health Information Center
· (DSM-IV)
· World Federation for Mental Health
· World Health Organization (WHO)
· American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

National organizations:
· Alzheimer Society
· Canadian Coalition for Seniors Mental Health (CCSMH)
· Canadian Mental Health Association
· Canadian Psychiatric Association
· Canadian Psychological Association
· Mood Disorders Society of Canada
· Schizophrenia Society of Canada

Provincial organizations:
· Canadian Mental Health Association (Ontario)
· Distress Centres of Ontario
· Mental Health Information Resources
· Older Person's Mental Health and Addictions Network (OPMHAN)
· Psychiatric Patient Advocate Office

Local organizations:
· Canadian Mental Health Association (Toronto)
· Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)

Federal Government:
Public Health Agency of Canada:
· The Human Face of Mental Health and Mental Illness in Canada 2006
· Mental Health Promotion Publications
· Mental Illness and Violence: Proof or Stereotype

Veterans Affairs Canada:
· Mental Health

· Statistics Canada

Government of Ontario:
· Mental Health Court - Toronto
· Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
· Ontario Review Board
· Consent and Capacity Board
· Mental Health Act (R.S.O. 1990)
· Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee

Police Encounters with People in Crisis

Statement of Commitment

Iacobucci Report on Police Encounters with People in Crisis

Iacobucci Report recommendations with TPS response

JKE inquest recommendations with TPS response

Chief's Statement re Commitment to Mental Health Recommendation 33

Overview of Toronto Police Response to Emotionally Disturbed Persons

Mobile Crisis Intervention Teams (MCIT)

Mental Health Issues

The Police recognize that all mental health crises cannot be averted. The earlier the intervention, the less intrusive it is for the individual in crisis.

The basics

  • Remain calm
  • Listen to the person in crisis - What they say may hold the information you need to resolve the crisis
  • Listening assures the person that you are trying to help them
  • Remember your safety - If you are the focus of the person's anxiety, let someone else take the lead
  • Reduce distractions - Give the person space, turn off the TV or radio and limit the number of people assisting

The Mental Health Act

It is always better to get cooperation from the person who needs help. Unfortunately, this is not always possible.

If the person:
  • Has threatened or is attempting to cause bodily harm to him/herself
  • Has behaved or is behaving violently towards others or is causing others to fear bodily harm from him/her
  • Has shown or is showing a lack of competence to care for him/herself

There are several options:

The doctor:
Have a doctor who has seen the person in crisis within the last 7 days issue a Form 1 - This form requires the person to be assessed at a psychiatric hospital.

Have a doctor see the person in crisis either at the doctor's office or in the community and have the doctor issue a "Form 1".

The justice of the peace
See a JP and describe what behaviours the person is demonstrating that make you think they are at risk and in need of assessment - The JP may issue a Form2 which requires the person to go to a hospital for examination.

The police
If the person is currently acting out in a violent or threatening way - CALL 911. If the police observe this behaviour or, have reasonable grounds to believe the person was threatening or violent (even to themselves), the person can be apprehended under the Mental Health Act and taken to the nearest hospital for examination.

Both the Form1 and Form2 are valid for 7 days. Both forms are orders for the person to be examined or assessed but may not result in hospitalization.

For referral phone numbers and Mental Health Services please contact the Community Relations Officer at your local Police Division.