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Related Links

International organizations:
· Anxiety Disorders Association of America
· Mental Health, Addiction and Retardation Organizations of America
· National Institute of Mental Health
· National Health Information Center
· psychweb.com (DSM-IV)
· World Federation for Mental Health
· World Health Organization (WHO)
· American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

National organizations:
· Alzheimer Society
· Canadian Coalition for Seniors Mental Health (CCSMH)
· Canadian Mental Health Association
· Canadian Psychiatric Association
· Canadian Psychological Association
· Mood Disorders Society of Canada
· Schizophrenia Society of Canada

Provincial organizations:
· Canadian Mental Health Association (Ontario)
· Distress Centres of Ontario
· Mental Health Information Resources
· Older Person's Mental Health and Addictions Network (OPMHAN)
· Psychiatric Patient Advocate Office

Local organizations:
· Canadian Mental Health Association (Toronto)
· Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
· Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) - Mental Health Programs

Federal Government:
Public Health Agency of Canada:
· The Human Face of Mental Health and Mental Illness in Canada 2006
· Mental Health Promotion Publications
· Mental Illness and Violence: Proof or Stereotype
· Mental Health Problems and Disorders
· A Report on Mental Illness in Canada

Science and Technology for Canadians:
· Mental Health Links

Veterans Affairs Canada:
· Mental Health

· Statistics Canada

Government of Ontario:
· Mental Health Court - Toronto
· Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
· Ontario Review Board
· Consent and Capacity Board
· Mental Health Act (R.S.O. 1990)
· Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee

Mental Health Issues

The Police recognize that all mental health crises cannot be averted. The earlier the intervention, the less intrusive it is for the individual in crisis.

The basics

  • Remain calm
  • Listen to the person in crisis - What they say may hold the information you need to resolve the crisis
  • Listening assures the person that you are trying to help them
  • Remember your safety - If you are the focus of the person's anxiety, let someone else take the lead
  • Reduce distractions - Give the person space, turn off the TV or radio and limit the number of people assisting

The Mental Health Act

It is always better to get cooperation from the person who needs help. Unfortunately, this is not always possible.

If the person:
  • Has threatened or is attempting to cause bodily harm to him/herself
  • Has behaved or is behaving violently towards others or is causing others to fear bodily harm from him/her
  • Has shown or is showing a lack of competence to care for him/herself


There are several options:

The doctor:
Have a doctor who has seen the person in crisis within the last 7 days issue a Form 1 - This form requires the person to be assessed at a psychiatric hospital

Have a doctor see the person in crisis either at the doctor's office or in the community and have the doctor issue a "Form 1"

The justice of the peace
See a JP and describe what behaviours the person is demonstrating that make you think they are at risk and in need of assessment - The JP may issue a Form2 which requires the person to go to a hospital for examination

The police
If the person is currently acting out in a violent or threatening way - CALL 911 - If the Police can actually observe this behaviour, the person can be apprehended under the Mental Health Act and taken to the nearest hospital for examination

Both the Form1 and Form2 are valid for 7 days. Both forms are orders for the person to be examined or assessed but may not result in hospitalization.

For referral phone numbers and Mental Health Services please contact the Community Relations Officer at your local Police Division.